Share:
Notifications
Clear all

What is SSL Handshake?

1 Posts
1 Users
0 Likes
38 Views
(@paul0000)
Posts: 13
Active Member
Topic starter
 

The SSL handshake is a crucial part of establishing a secure connection between a client and a server over the SSL/TLS protocol. It's responsible for negotiating encryption algorithms, exchanging cryptographic keys, and verifying the identity of the server (and optionally the client). Here's a breakdown of what happens during the SSL handshake:

  1. Client Hello: The client initiates the SSL handshake by sending a "Client Hello" message to the server. This message contains information such as the highest SSL/TLS version supported by the client, a list of supported cipher suites (encryption algorithms), and other parameters required for the handshake.

  2. Server Hello: Upon receiving the "Client Hello" message, the server responds with a "Server Hello" message. This message contains information such as the selected SSL/TLS version, the chosen cipher suite from the client's list, and other parameters required for the handshake.

  3. Server Certificate: The server sends its digital certificate to the client, which contains its public key and information about its identity. The client verifies the authenticity of the certificate, including checking if it's signed by a trusted Certificate Authority (CA) and if it's valid for the server it's communicating with.

  4. Key Exchange: If the selected cipher suite requires asymmetric key exchange (such as RSA or Diffie-Hellman), the server sends its public key to the client. The client generates a pre-master secret and encrypts it with the server's public key, sending it back to the server. Both client and server then derive the symmetric encryption keys (session keys) from the pre-master secret.

  5. Client Finished: The client sends a "Finished" message, indicating that it has finished its part of the handshake. This message is encrypted using the negotiated session keys.

  6. Server Finished: The server sends a "Finished" message in response to the client's message, indicating that it has finished its part of the handshake. This message is also encrypted using the negotiated session keys.

  7. Secure Connection Established: Once both client and server have successfully exchanged the necessary messages and completed the handshake, a secure SSL/TLS connection is established. Data can now be encrypted and exchanged securely between the client and the server.

During troubleshooting, issues with the SSL handshake can occur due to mismatched SSL/TLS versions, incompatible cipher suites, expired or invalid server certificates, firewall or network configuration issues blocking the handshake, or misconfigured SSL/TLS settings on the server or client side. Logs and debugging tools provided by the SSL/TLS implementation can help diagnose and resolve these issues.

 
Posted : 15/05/2024 5:45 pm
Share: